Woman in most of the Arab tribes before Islam had no rights, and attitudes were at least contemptuous and derogatory. She was received together with the rest of the property, and the eldest son of the deceased had the right to marry the wife of the father (ie stepmother), after his death, or forbid her to marry again. Islam forbade her to do so, and the marriage with the former wife of the father, Almighty Allah has given private verse, "And do not marry those [women] whom your fathers married, except what has already occurred. Indeed, it was an immorality and hateful [to Allah ] and was evil as a way." (The Quran, 4:22)
The Arabs considered forbidden to marry with the mothers, grandmothers, daughters, granddaughters, children of the father, that is, sisters, and aunts of a father and mother.
Women and daughters, as well as juvenile did not receive an inheritance. The inheritance was entitled to receive only one who fought in the war. Custom to deprive women and children of the inheritance existed as long as there is not dead Aus ibn Thabit. It happened in the time of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). He left two daughters, who were not beautiful and young son.
After his death, his cousins came and took away all of his inheritance. Wife of Aus said to them: «Take a wife of his daughters.» However, they refused, because the girls not beautiful. Then she came to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and said, "O Messenger of Allah! Aus died and his cousins Suwaidi and Ifrit came and took his inheritance. I told them, "Take his daughters in marriage "- but they refused. "The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "Do not do anything with the inheritance."
Soon Allah revealed the verse: "For men is a share of what the parents and close relatives leave, and for women is a share of what the parents and close relatives leave, be it little or much - an obligatory share. This is the prescribed destiny"(Sura Women, verse 7)
Ali Muhammad al-Sallyabi