Honey with its nourishing and protecting the health properties takes its place on our table. For centuries it was used as a healing. One of the Suras of the Quran is named “The Bee”. The messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) in his sayings talks about some practice associated with honey. But honey bee produces not only honey.
Together with honey it produces beeswax, pollen, bee venom, royal jelly and propolis. These bees with honey products are currently used in other methods of medicine, namely in apitherapy. These products find their application in allergic and neurological disorders, cancer, colds, cough elimination, lowering cholesterol levels, to increase athletic performance, treatment of wounds and burns associated with diabetes.
The first information about the use of bee venom for medicinal purposes is found in clay plate belonging to the years 2000 to 2100 BC. In 1935, in Germany Forapin was obtained from bee venom. This product is still used. In 1983, medical association with bee products was founded in the United States. In order to collect bee venom, small panels like grid were installed before bee hives. The panel, consisting of a metal wire is provided with a constant electric current of low voltage. Entrance to the hive is performed by this panel. Arrival to the beehive and escaping from it, weak electric current affects bees, and using the self-preservation instinct lift its thorn in the panel. At this time, poison flowing in a glass container at the bottom of the panel. This practice does not cause any harm to the bee. Bee venom is collected and dried, and then stored in the form of powder.
Chemical structure of bee venom and its impact
Bee venom is water soluble and transparent liquid is colorless and odorless, it has a warm and cold-resistant characteristics. This poison in normal seasonal temperatures dry for about 20 minutes and loses 65-70% of its weight. After drying, acquires a yellowish-brown color. For one gram of solid bee venom need 10000 bee stings.
18 different biologically active molecules found in the structure of bee venom. Some of them are the following: amino acids, proteins, fats, sugar, enzymes, adolapin, apamin, histamine, phospholipases, peptides, dopamine and hyaluronidase. Proteins and melittin adolapina have anti-inflammatory properties. Mellitin promotes release of the hormone cortisol, which is responsible for the suppression of inflammation, and contributes to increasing the strength of the cell wall. Adolab has antipyretic characteristics, as well as serves as analgesics.