“Have you not considered those who make allies of a people with whom Allah has become angry? They are neither of you nor of them, and they swear to untruth while they know [they are lying]. Allah has prepared for them a severe punishment. Indeed, it was evil that they were doing. They took their [false] oaths as a cover, so they averted [people] from the way of Allah, and for them is a humiliating punishment. Never will their wealth or their children avail them against Allah at all. Those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally” (Surah “Al-Mujadila”, ayats 14-17).
Making a false oath means intentionally giving an oath about something which is not true. A person who makes a false oath in the name of Allah makes Allah the witness of his oath and therefore, he deceives people. He misuses the name of Allah and makes wrong accusations of him. This is why making false oaths is considered to be one of the major sins.
The ayats mentioned above were sent when either the enemies of Islam pretending to be Muslims, or Jews living around Medina, or munafiq Abdullah ibn Nabtal made a false oath to the Prophet of Allah that they did not say anything bad about the Prophet (peace be upon him). Their witnesses confirmed their words.
Despite of the fact that the ayats above were sent under certain circumstances, their main idea is to explain the Muslims that it is hypocritical to give a false oath and use it as a way to protect oneself to deceive people.
All Muslims should be careful not to turn out to be in the position of munafiqs (they outwardly practice Islam and inwardly conceal their disbelief) and those who knowingly give false oaths. Allah says about this the following:
“And do not take your oaths as [means of] deceit between you, lest a foot slip after it was [once] firm, and you would taste evil [in this world] for what [people] you diverted from the way of Allah, and you would have [in the Hereafter] a great punishment. And do not exchange the covenant of Allah for a small price. Indeed, what is with Allah is best for you, if only you could know” (Surat An-Nahl, 94-95).
Accoriding to Islam, lie is allowed in the following three situations:
1. To protect life, property, honour and dignity of those who suffer from violence and injustice.
2. To reconcile husband and with or any other two people with each other.
3. To gain the victory over the enemy at war.
It is not allowed to tell a lie about anything else except for the cases above. Clearly, anyone can make a mistake or a sin. If we told a lie without realizing it, we should immediately repent and ask Allah to forgive us. If we made harm or hurt anyone by our lie, we should do our best to compensate for this in this life so that the person forgives us.
Our life is a test. To go through this trial, we should do our best and do the good ordered to us by Allah. This worldly life and its blessings are temporary. Yet, akhirah (afterlife) is eternal. So, it is not worth risking your eternal life by the cost of the worldly life.
May Allah help us not to lie and to make false oaths.
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