Sport and Islam: horse riding and archery

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Horse riding

In Mecca, before the advent of Islam there was a special field for the race. The messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) with the words "awards are prohibited in the competition, except archery, horse riding and camel race competitions", encouraged sporting events these species. For ordinary horses length distance was one mile from Seniyatul-Veda and the mosque of Banu Zurayk. For racehorses race distance was 6.7 miles. For these races used a wide space where stayed trade caravans. Even now, in the northern part of the Medina there is Mosque Sabak ("horse riding") which was the place where the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) watched races determined the winner. At a time when it was impossible to establish the winner of the competition, the first five awarded dates and other awards. Without a doubt, no jumps or other competitions are not the subject of conversation as a form of gambling, which were strictly forbidden in the Quran.

Camel racing

A large number of camels living in Arabia were brought to competition. Camel of Allah's messenger (peace be upon him) who was called Abda, whatever their race was not involved, always won. Once a Bedouin on a young camel overtook Adha. Companions were very upset. The words "Defeat mundane object after a period of victories - the need of divine wisdom" - the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) reassured his companions. There are legends that in addition to camels races were held and donkey races. One of the traditions that existed in the period of early Islam and continues to this day, are cockfights. There are also fights of buffalo, oxen, geese and dogs. This tradition, which represented the treatment of animals for entertainment and fun, the messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) forbade.

Archery and javelin

We have already mentioned the saying of the messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), which states: "Teach your children archery, horse riding and swimming". Archery was aimed at military training, as well as sport and had fun. When a group of archers from the tribe Eslem were skirmishing, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) passed over them and said: "O children of Ishmael! Let's archery. Your father was a skilled archer. In this competition, I am on the side of Salamah ibn Ekva". After these words, the opposing team ranged archers. The Messenger of Allah said: "What happened. Why not shoot a bow?" They said, "O Messenger of Allah, how can we shoot a bow while you are on the opposing team's side?" In this regard, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, "Shoot! I am with you all". To increase military capabilities, as well as the purpose of the wise use of leisure time, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) has approved and encouraged the youth to the sport and the organization of competitions among themselves.

In the times of prosperity of Islam existed and such kind of sport as a javelin. In Masjid Al-Nabawi Ethiopians organized competition in the javelin, where among the spectators present men and women. Hazrat Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) once wanted to ban the event. But the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) has approved this competition, saying: "Leave them alone, let them play". The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) personally offered the faithful mother Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) to watch the javelin. The Messanger of Allah (peace be upon him) enveloped her with his Rida (undertunic) and watched with her competition until they are tired. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) with the words "Let Ethiopians! Show yourself" - encouraged them to the game and, in particular, ordered: "Evaluate the situation of young girls greedy for entertainment, show understanding". Of the sayings of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) it is clear that these and similar games allowed even on the mosque. Moreover permissible to watch the men's competition with women. But we need to try as much as possible not to cause discomfort to women and young girls.

This kind of competition was held on National Day Ethiopians. From this it is clear that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) allowed the organization of such events on the day of the wedding or holiday. Competitors must follow the rules cover awrah, so the condition is confidence in the absence of desire.

In the century of prosperity of Islam conducted different types of competition. Under Islamic law these kinds of sports are considered as valid.

Islam-Today

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