In 1845, Ireland, which is also called the Emerald Island, suffered a severe affliction of hunger.
Many historians point as its cause the defeat of the potato, which was practically the only food Irish peasants potato fungus causing potato tubers rot still in the process of maturation.
More impartial historians point to the main cause of hunger - policy of the British authorities in relation to the Irish.
Professor of International Law, University of Illinois, Francis Boyle (he has long studied the Great Famine, as it is called Irish) writes: “From 1845 to 1850 the British government pursued a policy of mass starvation in Ireland in order to destroy a large part of the national, ethnic and racial group known as Irish people”.
Ireland was the “white” colony of Great Britain and by such methods, the British tried to break the spirit of freedom-loving Irish who did not take the authorities of the British crown.
All land in Ireland then belonged to the English landlords. Irish rented this land under the terms of pay-in-kind, that is, gave the part of the harvest for the use of the land. The British did not consider the Irish for people. The famous English poet, a favorite of Queen Victoria Alfred Tennyson, having learned about the famine in Ireland, said: “Celtic are complete morons. They live in horrible island and they have no history worthy of even mentioning. Why nobody can blow this accursed island dynamite pieces and disperse it in different directions?”
One of the leaders of the British administration in Ireland John Trevelyan saw hunger as “God's providence” and the natural regulation of the number of Irish people.
As a result, famine killed about 1 million people and 1.5 million have fled, mostly to the United States in search of a better life.
The Irish did not forget the noble act of the Sultan and his subjects.
In 2007 in the Turkish press, there were memories of a veteran of the Turkish diplomacy Yahi Kemal Beyati, who took part in the signing of Lausanne agreements in 1923, which represented a peace treaty between Turkey and the Entente powers at the end of the first world war. According to the story of Beyativ, while representatives of the Entente powers voted unanimously against the Turkish, delegate from Ireland was an exception in this situation, and voted in favor of Turkey. When he was asked why he did this, replied: “When we were suffering from hunger and disease your Ottoman ancestors sent us a load of food and cash assistance. We never forget that we were helped in difficult times and therefore support you at every opportunity”.
In March 2010, visiting Turkey on an official visit, President of Ireland, Mary Mc Aliz praised the Sultan Abdul Majid act and said that the Turkish star and crescent emblem became part of the town of Drogheda at the insistence of the Turkish population.
At the meeting with Turkish President Abdullah, Gul Mac Alize expressed gratitude on behalf of the Irish people for the humanitarian aid offered by the Ottoman Caliphate.
Earlier, in 1995 in the town of Drogheda in the presence of the Ambassador of Turkey was opened a memorial plaque, on which were engraved the following words: “The Great famine in Ireland in 1847. In memory and recognition of the generosity shown by the people of Turkey to the people of Ireland”.