July 7, 2007 in Lisbon (Portugal) the new seven wonders of the world were named and mausoleum Taj Mahal is included in this list. It is located in Agra (India) near the river Yamuna. The easiest way to get to the palace of the Taj Mahal - it is by plane to Delhi and from there by bus, taxi or train to reach its destination. Train ride takes up to 3 hours, 3-5 hours by taxi. Is a crime, if you have visited India and have not seen the Taj Mahal mosque.
Describe the magnificence and beauty of this mosque words simply impossible. This truly fantastic and beautiful architectural structure, which combines elements of Islamic, Persian and Indian architectural style.
History of Taj Mahal
The emergence of the Taj Mahal is the story of tender love Shah Jahan, the Mughal king to his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Prince Shah Jahan took to wife 19-year-old girl, and his love for her was boundless. Despite the possession of a large harem, all his tenderness and attention he gave only one Mumtaz. She bore him 14 children, six girls and eight boys. But during the last birth Jahan's wife died. Grief of Shah Jahan was so great that he has lost the meaning of life, grayed, announced a 2-year mourning and even wanted to commit suicide.
On the order of Shah Jahan, the beautiful Taj Mahal was built over the grave of his wife, in which he was buried beside the grave of his wife several years later. The Taj Mahal is not just wonder of the world, a symbol of eternal love of two people. Shah Jahan promised before the death of his wife to create a monument that would convey the beauty of Mumtaz.
Taj Mahal Architecture
The Taj Mahal CrownPalace is India's most famous structure, and, perhaps the most beautiful piece of architecture in the world. Photographs cannot truly capture the grandeur of this perfectly proportioned tomb of Mumtaz Mahal and its creator, Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal ruler.
Mumtaz Mahal was the second, and favorite, wife of Shah Jahan r.1628−1658. A Persian princess born as Arjuman Banu Begum, she was a significant influence in his life and in his policies. She died at age thirty-nine while giving birth to their fourteenth somesaythirteenth child in 1631. The ruler went into deep mourning and much of his empire was compelled to do the same.
Almost immediately there was announced a competition for plans to construct a tomb and shrine worthy of the ruler's beloved. Numerous legends surround the selection of the architect--some even implausibly suggesting that it was a westerner from Italy or France. But although a number of names have been proposed, the architect's name is unknown. It is clear that talent from many parts of the Muslim and western worlds came together in Agra to work on the mausoleum: engineers, carvers, artists, calligraphers, architects, craftsmen of all sorts, and a variety of common laborers. It is estimated that 20,000 people worked on the tomb from 1631 to 1648. Work continued in the adjoining areas until 1653. It should be noted that the Taj Mahal is a total package of tomb, mosque, gardens, gateways and fountains.
The Taj Mahal is set on a raised platform that is 6.6 meters 20ft high and covers an area of 93.9 sq. meters 313sqft. The corner minarets are 41.1 meters 137ft high. The main structure is 62 meters 186ft on each side. In contast to the gleaming white marble of the mausoleum, there is a pair of red sandstone buildings flanking the tomb to the west and to the east; the western building is a mosque, while the other, sometimes called the guest house or museum, was built to complete the symmetry of the scene. The water causeway and fountains beautifully join the gateway and the tomb in perfect symmetry.
There are numerous significant and striking elements in the creation of this masterpiece both inside the taj mahal as well as outside. The marvelously graceful piedra dura orstoneinlaywork that Adorns many surfaces. This ncludes the three major elements of the Muslim decorative arts: the sayings from the Q'uran, geometrical shapes and a variety of plant forms and flowers, often repeated as borders. The marble and precious stone inlays are so skillfully fit together that one can hardly detect a seam, even with close examination. The calligraphy of sayings from the Q'uran on the mausoleum, are in a kind of trompe l'oeil style; the letters gradually increase in size as they go up the side of the structure, so that from the ground all letters appear perfectly uniform. Perhaps, however, the greatest impact is how all of its parts fit together so perfectly, making the entire complex much greater than the sum of its parts.
Myths and legends
There is a legend that Shah Jahan wanted to build on the opposite Bank of the river exact copy of the Palace of black marble, but did not. There is also a myth that the Emperor cruelly killed architects and artists who took part in the construction of a Palace, and all the builders have signed an agreement in which they are committed not to take part in the construction of such structures. But to date such information is not confirmed and is just a fable and legend.
Mosque of Taj Mahal annually visited by millions of tourists from different countries. Interest among tourists is the fact of its optical focus. If you move backwards to the exit, respectively, in a face to the palace, there is a feeling that is just a huge mausoleum on a background of trees and the environment. And way over the Taj Mahal prohibited to fly planes. The mosque is open to the public from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m. on weekdays, except Friday, when there are prayers. Taj Mahal is also open for night viewing on the day of the full moon, including the two days before and after the full moon, except Friday and the month of Ramadan.