Why Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him) being the most virtuous of all Prophets?
I know that Muslims revere all of the prophets, including Isa (Jesus), however, they believe that the Prophet Muhammad is the greatest prophet of them. However, as I know, Islam states that before the end of the world prophet Isa (Jesus) will come on the ground for a second time, he will defeat the Antichrist (Dajjal) and will rule the world and judge people. Then I wonder why Muslims believe that the greatest prophet is Muhammad, if Jesus will rule the world and judge the people at the end of the world?
And the second question, I know that Muslims reject the Christian belief that Jesus is the son of God. If the word "son" is understood in the sense that Jesus is closer to God than other prophets and takes a special position before Him, can Muslims agree with Christians? (Vladimir)
Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakaatuh
1) The virtue of the Prophet Isa (Peace be upon him) ruling this world is undoubtedly a great merit to him. It indeed depicts his lofty status in the eyes of Allah. However, by a person possessing a certain virtue over another, it does not necessarily mean that he is more virtuous than the other in all aspects. He may be more virtuous and more privileged than him in one or some aspects, but as far as overall virtue, the other person may be more virtuous.
For example, there are many people in this era and in the past that have performed Hajj (pilgrimage) dozens of times. The Prophet Muhammed (Peace be upon him) only performed Hajj one time after migrating to Madinah. Some narrations indicate that he had performed Hajj twice before migration whilst he was still a resident of Makkah. So at most, he only performed Hajj thrice. Now does this make the person who has performed Hajj dozens of times more virtuous than the Prophet Muhammed? Ofcourse not.
So it does not mean that the Prophet Isa (Peace be upon him) is more virtuous than the Prophet Muhammed (Peace be upon him) just by virtue of him ruling the world especially when Allah has declared the Prophet Muhammed the seal of all Prophets:
مَا كَانَ مُحَمَّدٌ أَبَا أَحَدٍ مِنْ رِجَالِكُمْ وَلَكِنْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَخَاتَمَ النَّبِيِّينَ
“Muhammad is not a father of any of your men, but he is a messenger of Allah and the seal of the prophets” (Qur’an, 33:40)
In another verse, Allah says:
وَإِذْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ النَّبِيِّينَ لَمَا آتَيْتُكُمْ مِنْ كِتَابٍ وَحِكْمَةٍ ثُمَّ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مُصَدِّقٌ لِمَا مَعَكُمْ لَتُؤْمِنُنَّ بِهِ وَلَتَنْصُرُنَّهُ قَالَ أَأَقْرَرْتُمْ وَأَخَذْتُمْ عَلَى ذَلِكُمْ إِصْرِي قَالُوا أَقْرَرْنَا قَالَ فَاشْهَدُوا وَأَنَا مَعَكُمْ مِنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ
“When Allah made the prophets enter into a covenant: (saying) If I give you a book and wisdom, then comes to you a messenger verifying what is with you, you shall have to believe in him, and you shall have to support him. He said, do you affirm and accept my covenant in this respect? They said, we affirm. He said, then, bear witness, and I am with you among the witnesses” (Qur’an, 3: 81)
It is also a known fact that when the Prophet Muhammed (Peace be upon him) was taken on the divine journey of Isra (from Makkah to Jerusalem) and Mi’raaj (ascension to the heavens), all the Prophets of the past were gathered in Musjid al-Aqsa and he was made to lead them in prayer.
These are all indications of the Prophet Muhammed being the most virtuous of all Prophets. The other Prophets of Allah also hold great virtue and we love them and take them as our own Prophets, but the Prophet Muhammed is the most virtuous and Allah has appointed him as the leader and guide for this entire nation. Even when the Prophet Isa (Peace be upon him) descends to this world, he will come as a follower of Muhammed (peace be upon him).
2) This is not acceptable according to Islamic Law and Allah has very strongly condemned attributing a son to him. Allah says in the Qur’an:
وَقَالُوا اتَّخَذَ الرَّحْمَنُ وَلَدًا لَقَدْ جِئْتُمْ شَيْئًا إِدًّا تَكَادُ السَّمَاوَاتُ يَتَفَطَّرْنَ مِنْهُ وَتَنْشَقُّ الْأَرْضُ وَتَخِرُّ الْجِبَالُ هَدًّا أَنْ دَعَوْا لِلرَّحْمَنِ وَلَدًا وَمَا يَنْبَغِي لِلرَّحْمَنِ أَنْ يَتَّخِذَ وَلَدًا إِنْ كُلُّ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ إِلَّا آتِي الرَّحْمَنِ عَبْدًا
“They say, The All-Merciful (Allah) has got a son. Indeed you have come up with such an abominable statement that the heavens are well-nigh to explode at it, and the earth to burst apart, and the mountains to fall down crumbling, for they have ascribed a son to the All-Merciful (Allah), while it does not behove the All-Merciful to have a son. There is none in the heavens and the earth, but bound to come to the All-Merciful as a servant”(Qur’an, 19: 89 – 93)
When it is said that Jesus is the son of god, this is wrong, regardless of what meaning is intended. Muslims and Christians cannot agree on these terms. Islam is a pristine, pure and unaltered religion.
And Allah Knows Best.
Mufti Suhail Tarmahomed