Question: Is it permitted after the prayer (Salah) read any verses from the Quran? There are a lot of people which tell that recite something after Salah (dua, dhikr, surah from the Quran) is bida’ah. (Malika)
Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakaatuh
According to the Hanafi Jurists, the rule of terming a permissible action as Bid’ah revolves around the following two elements:
a) If the permissible act which is not necessary is considered as necessary. For example, to consider doing Zikr on a Thursday night as necessary or to hold functions in honour of the deceased and consider it to be a prescribed Islamic practice.
b) If something that is not is permissible merges with the permissible act. For example, a Waleemah at which alcohol is served. Although a Waleemah in itself is Sunnah, but because there is now an impermissible element present; which is the serving of alcohol, this will not be considered as a Bid’ah.
Now let us look at the practice of the recitation of the Qur’an after the Fardh Salaah. Point b does not feature here as there is no impermissible factor here. So let’s just concentrate on point a.
The recitation of the Qur’an is a virtuous permissible act. Is it recited due to it being considered as a necessary ritual after Salaah?. To the best of my knowledge, no one considers it to be necessary. Rather, the Qur’an is recited as a means of invoking blessings as a voluntary act. Thus, this practice cannot be termed Bid’ah.
Yes, if it is considered to be a necessary practice after Salaah, it will definitely be Bid’ah.
In any case, the regular practice of reciting the Qur’an after the Fardh Salaah should not be considered to be a practice established from the Sunnah or a necessary practice.
As far as Dua and Zikr after Salaah is concerned, it is Sunnah to make Dua after the Fardh Salaah and it is also Sunnah to engage in Zikr like the Tasbih al-Fatimi and other forms of Zikr that have been prescribed in the Hadith.
And Allah Knows Best.
Mufti Suhail Tarmahomed