Is it shirk (kufr), if Muslim believes in the predictions of the end of the world? In particular, if a person believed that the 21st of December should have beenthe end of the world (apocalyptic events, Last Judgment and so on)?
Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakaatuh
It is an act of Kufr to believe in the predictions of the end of the world. To believe in anyone foreseeing the future is an act of Kufr. What is meant by this is that believing in foretelling is the act of a Kafir (non-Muslim) but this does not necessary render the person himself a Kafir. He will still remain a Muslim but he will be guilty of a very major sin.
Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said:
مَنْ أَتَى حَائِضًا، أَوِ امْرَأَةً فِي دُبُرِهَا، أَوْ كَاهِنًا، فَقَدْ كَفَرَ بِمَا أُنْزِلَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ
“Whoever engages in intercourse with his wife during menstruation or engages in anal intercourse with his wife or goes to a person who tells the future has indeed disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammed (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)”
(Tirmizi, Hadith #:135, Narrated by Abu Hurayrah)
The only future predictions about the end of the world that a Muslim should believe in are those that have been recorded in the authentic Hadith of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). This is because what the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said was Wahy (divine revelation from Allah), in which there can be no doubt.
وَمَا يَنْطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَى إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَى
“He (the Prophet) does not speak out of (his own) desire. It is but revelation revealed (to him)” (Qur’an, 53: 3-4)
And Allah Knows Best.
Mufti Suhail Tarmahomed