Question: My grandmother lives modestly and does not have much money. Can she do Eid, if she spends almost all the money on Kurban? If I give her money, whether it be Eid (valid)?
Answer: (وَلَنَا) أَنَّ الشِّرَاءَ لِلْأُضْحِيَّةِ مِمَّنْ لَا أُضْحِيَّةَ عَلَيْهِ يَجْرِي مَجْرَى الْإِيجَابِ وَهُوَ النَّذْرُ بِالتَّضْحِيَةِ عُرْفًا؛ لِأَنَّهُ إذَا اشْتَرَى لِلْأُضْحِيَّةِ مَعَ فَقْرِهِ فَالظَّاهِرُ أَنَّهُ يُضَحِّي فَيَصِيرُ كَأَنَّهُ قَالَ: جَعَلْت هَذِهِ الشَّاةَ أُضْحِيَّةً،
If the poor, for whom the sacrifice is not wajib (fakir, who has no nisab), buy a lamb with the intention of Eid, it will be seen as what he has done for this rite himself wajib. This is called Nazr (vow) of Kurban by urfa, because when a person buys a lamb for Kurban, being poor, then on "Zahir Rivaya", he has to do this Eid (because such action, ie purchase) he seems to be said: I took this ram for the sacrifice.
And if it happens that the fakir (beggar) will make Nazr Kurban, then he will not eat this meat himself, and he can not to give it to the rich, in other words, this meat to give to the poor.
In Fataawa al-Hindi said:
نَذَرَ أَنْ يُضَحِّيَ وَلَمْ يُسَمِّ شَيْئًا، عَلَيْهِ شَاةٌ وَلَا يَأْكُلُ مِنْهَا، وَإِنْ أَكَلَ عَلَيْهِ قِيمَتُهَا،
If a person who has committed a Nazr to sacrifice an animal, did not call, whether it is a cow, lamb, etc., then it becomes wajib to cut a lamb, but he can not eat from it. And if he eats, then we must pay the cost of eating the poor.
وَأَمَّا فِي الْأُضْحِيَّةِ الْمَنْذُورَةِ سَوَاءٌ كَانَتْ مِنْ الْغَنِيِّ أَوْ الْفَقِيرِ فَلَيْسَ لِصَاحِبِهَا أَنْ
يَأْكُلَ وَلَا أَنْ يُؤَكِّلَ الْغَنِيَّ هَكَذَا فِي النِّهَايَةِ.
Rich or poor person who has committed Eid, which is wajib because Nazr, in any case, do not eat the meat of the animal and give it to the rich (also in the book "An-Nihayah").